Below are all the abbreviations and definitions of
statistics used throughout Pure Baseball.
A: Assist. Fielding Statistic describing the act of assisting on a putout. Example: On a 6-3 grounder to shortstop, the shortstop gets an assist and the firstbaseman gets the putout.
AB: At bats. A short term for official Atbats. Any plate appearance that yields a hit, an out, or an error on a play that would have resulted in the batter being out at first.
ARM: Arm rating. Arm rating associated with infielders and outfielders throwing skills.
AVG: Batting average. The total hits divided by the total official Atbats. The resultant fraction is the batter's average or batting average. If it is said, "Williams is hitting .300", The reference is to AVG.
Bats: Refers to which side of the plate the batter bats from. Can be right, left, or both.
BB: Base on Balls. A free pass to first as a result of 4 balls.
BB/BF: Number of base on balls allowed or issued per batter faced. A pitching statistic.
BB/PA: Number of base on balls per plate appearance. A batting statistic.
BFA: Batters Faced Allowed. This number refers to the batters faced available for the next PB game. The BFA will always equal the MaxBats if a pitcher is fully rested.
CG: Complete Game. The act of pitching a complete game. Can be more than 9 innings. Only one pitcher used by a team results in a complete game.
Clutch Rating: Pitcher's Clutch Rating. His ability to pitch with runner(s) on base. PURE BASEBALL does not have a hitter's clutch rating because the statistic is unreliable. This is especially true for players who do not play every day(Non regulars).
CS: Caught Stealing. Includes instances when a pitcher picks off a runner, but he is thrown out at the next base rather than the base he occupied.
DNP: Did not play in season used for simulation.
DP: Double Plays. Refers to all double plays. Any play in which two outs result.
DPR: Double Play Rating. PURE BASEBALL awards DPR to all five infielders including the pitcher. For the firstbaseman, thirdbaseman, and pitcher the rating refers to the players ability to start a double play on a groundball. For the shortstop and the secondbaseman, the rating refers to both the ability to start a double play, and to be the second man or pivot on the double play (groundball DP).
E: Error. The act of committing a miscue on a ball that should result in an out being recorded by the defense.
ER: Earned Run. A run which would score only if error(s) or passed ball(s) did not assist the offense in tallying the run.
ERA: Earned Run Average. The number of ER a pitcher allows in 9 innings. (ER)X(9)/(IP) where IP=innings pitched.
G: Games Played in. A statistic used in batting, pitching and fielding totals.
GB/FB: Ground Ball / Fly Ball Ratio. Number of ground ball outs in relation to flyball outs. This statistic is used for batters and pitchers. It is expressed as a ratio of the number of groundball outs to 1 flyball out.
GIDP: Ground Into Double Plays. Double plays resulting from a groundball to an infielder.
GP: Games Played. A defensive statistic referring to the number of games appeared in at a particular position.
GP (Status Page): Games played in current PB season.
GS: Games started. A pitching statistic. It refers to the number of games started by a pitcher.
H: Hits. Hits batted by a batter and Hits allowed by the pitcher.
HBP: Hit by Pitched Ball. Batting and Pitching Stat.
Hit & Run: Hit and Run Rating (In Roster Sheet on Batting sheet) Batter's ability to work the Hit and Run play. The runner(s) goes on the pitch. The batter MUST swing at the pitch. Works best against control pitcher with good contact batter. A high Hit and Run Rating means the batter is good at the play.
HR: Home Runs. Home Run is usually a ball hit over the fence, but can be an "Inside the Park" home run.
HR/PA: Home Runs per Plate Appearances. A Batting Statistic.
IP(Innings Played): Innings played in the field. A Fielding Statistic.
IR/IRS: Inherited Runners/Inherited Runners Scored. Runner(s) on base when a relief pitcher comes into the game./ Inherited Runners who score when relief pitcher is in the game.
INN: See innocuous players.
Innocuous Players: Players or pitchers marked "INN" in STAT and STATUS pages are players whose use is unlimited with respect to plate appearances and innings pitched. They can still suffer long term injuries if they were injured in the corresponding season and innocuous pitchers can still become "TIRED" by virtue of running our of BFAs.
Jump: The ability for a base runner to get a "jump" or running start when trying to steal a base. PURE BASEBALL awards a Jump rating to all players. The higher the rating, the better the player is able to get a "jump" off the pitcher.
K: Strike Outs. Three strikes on the batter. Batting and Pitching Statistic.
L: Losses Pitching Statistic. The Losing pitcher is the pitcher who's responsible for the winning run getting on base.
Max (Status page): This number refers to the pitcher's MaxBats or maximum batters allowed if fully rested. A pitcher becomes susceptible to tiredness once he goes past his MaxBats in a PB game. A starting pitcher requires 30 MaxBats in order to start a game READY.
MaxBats: Maximum Atbats allowed by a pitcher before he is eligible for fatigue in PURE BASEBALL.
OBP: On Base Percentage. Percentage of a batter's plate appearances in which he reaches base on a hit, base on balls, or hit by a pitch.
ODR: Overall Defensive Rating. The defensive rating given to a player by PURE BASEBALL. It is a composite of his various defensive skills. The skills are weighted according to their relative value at the position.
PB(Passed Balls): A passed ball is a pitch that gets by the catcher, which the official scorer deems "catchable".
OPS: The sum of slugging and on base percentage.
PAUse (Status page): This number represents the range at which the batter is using up his allotment of Plate Appearances for the season. A "Use" of 100 refers to the exact rate at which the player batted in the corresponding real life season. PB batters are allowed a Use of 115 for the season (115% of actual innings pitched). The first 20% of a PB season (50% or 25 games in Launch Leagues) is a grace period in which a batter, which is over his range of plate appearances, will not be marked OVERUSED. The batter will however be marked WORN-OUT if he surpasses his seasonal limit of plate appearances during the first 20% of the season. After the first 20% of the season, the batter's allowed rate of plate appearances used (PAUse) will be set at 150 and gradually decrease until it reaches 110 on the last day of the season. That is to say, a batter is allowed 150% of his rate of plate appearances used for the first game after 20% of the PB season has been played. He will only be marked OVERUSED if his rate is above 150 at that point in the season. This "PAUse" limit will be reduced gradually as the season unfolds.
PAStatus (Status Page): This status can be READY, OVERUSED or VERY OVERUSED and refers to the batter's status according to his range of plate appearances used for the PB season (See "PAUse" above). A status of INN refers to an "innocuous" player. These players are not subject to limitations on plate appearances.
PB Value: Refers to the relative value of players according to
criteria set by PureBaseball staff. Offensive players are rated by their OPS (sum of on
base plus slugging percentage) relative to their actual home park and the position they
In addition to OPS, the players GIDP, SB/CS, and other pertinent offensive measures are factored in.
Pitchers contributions are measured using OPS versus opposing batters factored by park effects, ERA, SAVES, percentage of inherited runners scored and many other factors.
Defensive contributions are added to both pitchers and position players.
PCT: Fielding Percentage. Assists plus
Putouts divided by Total Chances( Assists plus Putouts plus Errors).
Pitches: The hand with which the pitcher throws. Either Right or Left.
Pitching Grade: A grade between 0-10 that represents the pitcher's ability to limit the offensive team's statistical output. A grade 5 pitcher is average. The higher the grade the better the pitcher is at limiting offensive statistical output.
Pitch Rating: Same as Pitching Grade.
PO: Put Outs. A Fielding statistic referring to the act of putting out a batter or base runner. Examples: catching a ball in the air, tagging a baserunner, touching a base while in possession of the ball for a "force" out.
POS: Position. Defensive position.
R: Runs scored. Crossing the plate signifies a run for the offensive player. Having a runner, whom a pitcher allowed to get on base, cross the plate with a run. This is a pitching statistic.
RBI: Runs Batted In. A Batting statistic. A batter earns an RBI when a runner scores as the result of his HIT, BB, HBP, SH, SF, or groundout. He will not be credited with an RBI if the run scores on a play that results in a double play, nor will he get an RBI if an error on the play in question contributes to the score.
Rec (Status page): This is the recovery rate or the number of MaxBats added each game a pitcher does not appear. Example: A pitcher has 12 MaxBats with a recovery rate of 9 after a particular PB game. This means he will be at 30 MaxBats after two days of rest (12+ (2x9=18)=30).
Recovery: The rate at which a pitcher recovers BFA(Batters Faced Allowed) on a day (day in the league schedule) in which he is not used as a pitcher. The pitcher can be used as a batter or pinch runner and he will be awarded the full recovery. Example: Pitcher A has "3" BFA and a recovery rate of 8.2 and does not pitch for 3 consecutive days in the league schedule. Pitcher A will earn 24.6 (rounded to 25) BFA, which when added to his 3 BFA will yield a total of 29 BFA.
RNG: Range. Range rating. A defensive rating. All defensive positions except for Catcher have a range rating. PURE BASEBALL looks at a combination of purely statistical factors in its range algorithms. Each position has a different range algorithm to calculate range.
Role: The player's role is determined by his role for his major league team(s) in the corresponding real life season. PURE BASEBALL does not categorically force managers to use players in the exact roles they were or are being used in major league baseball. However, playing time as measured by Plate Appearances for position players, and innings pitched for pitchers, will play a part in a PURE BASEBALL manager's decision on which role a player will fit.
Role (Status Page): This is the role described by the player's usage in real life MLB. MANAGER OPTIONS (located in FRONT OFFICE form team page and is set by the manager) determine the player's actual role in PB games.
RSAVG: Batting average with runner(s) in scoring position.
RSI: (CHANGE TO PURE BASEBALL): PURE BASEBALL RATING is the calculated value of the player. It can be for a season(present value), or it can refer to the players value with respect to present and future value to a franchise.
Sac Bunt: Sacrifice Bunt. Sac Bunt Rating. Ratings are from 0-10. The average rating is 5.0. A poor sacrifice bunt rating can be caused by difficulty executing the play, not being called on to bunt often, or both.
SB: Stolen Bases. A stolen base is achieved when the runner advances to the next base on the pitcher's delivery of the ball to the plate. The runner must get safely to the base before the catcher's throw arrives.
SB%: Stolen Base percentage. A player's total stolen bases divided by stolen base attempts. This is a Batting Stat(Offensive). It can also apply to the catcher in Fielding Stats. In this case it refers to the stolen bases achieved against the catcher. A third way the statistic is used is to refer to the stolen bases percentage of runners versus a particular pitcher. This third example is a Pitching Stat.
SBR: Stolen base rating. This rating serves as a guideline to determine the runner's general skill at stealing bases. Players earn a high rating by a combination of achieving high stolen base totals with high stolen base percentage. Ratings are from 0-10 with 5.0 =average.
SBStatus (Status Page): This status can be READY, OVERUSED or VERY OVERUSED and refers to the base stealer's status according to his range of stolen base attempts used for the PB season (See "SBUse" below).
SBUse (Status Page): This number represents the range at which the batter is using up his allotment of Stolen Base Attempts for the season. A "Use" of 100 refers to the exact rate at which the player attempted to steal bases in the corresponding real life season. PB base stealers are allowed a Use of 125 for the season (125% of actual innings pitched). The first 20% of a PB season (50% or 25 games in Launch Leagues) is a grace period in which a base stealer, which is over his range of stolen base attempts, will not be marked OVERUSED. The base stealer will however be marked WORN-OUT if he surpasses his seasonal limit of stolen base attempts during the first 20% of the season. After the first 20% of the season, the base stealer's allowed rate of stolen base attempts used (SBUse) will be set at 150 and gradually decrease until it reaches 125 on the last day of the season. That is to say, a base stealer is allowed 150% of his rate of stolen base attempts used for the first game after 20% of the PB season has been played. He will only be marked OVERUSED if his rate is above 150 at that point in the season. This "SBUse" limit will be reduced gradually as the season unfolds. Base stealers marked OVERUSED will not be used to steal on the road by the ROBOT and will suffer severely reduced stolen base success ratings at home.
SF: Sacrifice Fly. A sacrifice fly is any fly ball on which a run scores. An RBI is also awarded the batter and it does not count as an Atbat.
SH: Sacrifice Hit. A sacrifice hit is a bunt that advances the runner(s). It does not count as an Atbat. It can also be a squeeze bunt. In the case of a squeeze bunt an RBI is also awarded the batter.
SLG: Slugging. Slugging percentage. Atbats /Total Bases(H+2B+2*3B+3*HR). A Batting Stat. Also a Pitching Stat referring to the Slugging Percentage against the pitcher.
Speed: Speed rating of the baserunner. PURE BASEBALL uses statistical analysis combined with scouting and research to arrive at the Speed Rating.
Status: Current player status with respect to the following player usage conditions: Tired and Very Tired for pitchers. Overused and Very Overused for position players. Rusty for all players. Jittery for all players.
Status (Status Page): Status refers to pitcher's tiredness as calculated by MaxBats and Recovery. Starting Pitchers having BFA of less than 30 or relievers with BFA <0 are TIRED. Use of a tired pitcher in PB results in reduced effectiveness and possible DAY TO DAY injury (See section on Injuries).
In addition to READY, TIRED, and VERY TIRED, a pitcher or player can also be marked RUSTY. A rusty player has not been in a game for some time and his performance will be unreliable in his first game back.
Style: As in Batting Style. A Batter can be a Pull, Straight, or Opposite field hitter. PURE BASEBALL awards batting styles to each hitter versus both RH and LH pitching.
SV/OP: Saves / Opportunities. A Save is awarded to a pitcher from the WINNING team who finishes the game if the following conditions are met: 1) The Pitcher is in the game when the player whose run would represent the potential tying run is on base, at bat, or on deck 2) The Pitcher STARTS the last inning with his team leading by no more than 3 runs 3) The Pitcher pitches effectively (Allowing no more earned runs than innings pitched) for three complete innings and finishes the game for the winning team. A Save Opportunity is counted against the pitcher who pitches in one of the above situations and does not earn a save.
TC: Total chances. A Fielding stat referring to the total of a defensive player's Assists, Putouts, and Errors(A+PO+E).
TH: Throw. Throw rating for a catcher(sometimes referred to as ARM in conjunction with a catcher). It is a Fielding rating on a scale of 0-10, with 5.0=average. The Rating is arrived at by calculating the effectiveness of the opposing team's stolen base attempts (Running Game). Stolen Bases, Caught Stealing, Errant Throws and bases advanced on those throws are taken into account in the calculation of the rating.
UNCARDED: Another term for DNP (did not play).
The term is a throwback to the days when SIM-ball was played with dice, result boards and cards---each player had a card for every season---they would come out in February before the current season depicting the last season.
Times have changed but some of us still refer to a player as uncarded rather than DNP---and the term has yet to be exterminated from our documentation.
Use (Status Page): Also referred to "IPuse". This number represents the range at which the pitcher is using up his allotment of innings pitched for the season. A "Use" of 100 refers to the exact rate at which the pitcher pitched in the corresponding real life season. PB pitchers are allowed a Use of 115 for the season (115% of actual innings pitched). The first 20% of a PB season (50% or 25 games in Launch Leagues) is a grace period in which a pitcher, which is over his range of innings pitched, will not be marked OVERUSED. The pitcher will however be marked WORN-OUT if he surpasses his seasonal limit of innings pitched during the first 20% of the season. After the first 20% of the season, the pitcher's allowed rate of innings pitched (Use) will be set at 150 and gradually decrease until it reaches 115 on the last day of the season. That is to say, a pitcher is allowed 150% of his range of innings pitched for the first game after 20% of the PB season has been played. He will only be marked OVERUSED if his rate is above 150 at that point in the season. This "Use" limit will be reduced gradually as the season unfolds.
Ustatus (Status Page): This status can be READY, OVERUSED or VERY OVERUSED and refers to the pitcher's status according to his range of innings pitched for the PB season (See "Use" above). A status of INN refers to an "innocuous" pitcher. These pitchers are not subject to innings pitched limitations.
W: Wins awarded to Pitchers. A Pitching Statistic. A Win is awarded to the pitcher in the game when the Winning team scored the go ahead run. Exception: A starting pitcher who does not pitch 5 complete innings can not be awarded a WIN. In the event that a starting pitcher who did not pitch 5 complete innings was the pitcher in the game when the go ahead run scored, the WIN will be awarded to the relief pitcher who, in the judgment of the official scorer, was the most effective pitcher.